Polyphemus Moth (Antheraea polyphemus) The series of photos above start with a Polyphemus caterpillar emerging from the egg. Polyphemus Moth caterpillars are bright green. Use of images featured on Maryland Biodiversity Project is only permitted with express permission of the photographer. Polyphemus moths, Antheraea polyphemus, can be found in all of the continental United States except Arizona and Nevada and in every Canadian province except Newfoundland and Prince Edward Island. It takes about 10 days for the egg to hatch into a tiny caterpillar and about 5-6 weeks to grow into the full its size of about 3 inches long and 3/4 inch in diameter. I made a small cage of chicken wire to let it mate and left it out last night. Populations of this and other giant silk moths are harmed by parasitic flies and wasps that were intentionally introduced into North America to prey on the invasive gypsy moth. The adult Polyphemus Moth lays its eggs on a wide variety of tree host plants including Oaks and Maples. Hi guys,i'm from italy and i had a bad experience to raise polyphemus silk moth. The cecropia range overlaps that of Columbia nominate (Hyalophora columbia columbia) in the Great Lakes region of southern Canada, the Maritime Provinces of e.Canada and adjacent US states (Noting the specific habitats for each taxon usually differs), and with Glover's Silk Moth (Hyalophora columbia gloveri / syn. The sound of their wings hitting the the floodlight was so loud, you would have thought birds or bats had paid a visit. Hence the signal (or signals) and Polyphemus moth adults, like others in the Saturniidae family, do not feed. The fifth instar larva (after 4 molts) pupates inside a self-spun silk cocoon and after a variable period of time emerges as the adult moth. Though we have few records for this moth, it was seen during our survey from the beginning of June through the end of July. Polyphemus moth adults, like others in the Saturniidae family, do not feed. Antheraea polyphemus, the Polyphemus moth, is a North American member of the family Saturniidae, the giant silk moths. While their nearly two-week adult lifespan offers more opportunity to see them, they are uncommon due to their habitat preferences of swampy woods. Therefore, they fall to the ground in autumn (Holland 1968) as the leaves fall and are not commonly seen. One of the most distinguishing characteristics of this species are the large eyespots found on the lower hind wings. These trees include birch, willow, oak, maple, beech, walnut and sassafras. Typically, it has a wingspan of roughly 114 mm (4.5 in), but can exceed 178 mm (7.0 in), making it one of the larger moths in North America. It lays flat, light brown eggs on the leaves of a number of host plants, including: Betula, (Birch) Salix, (Willow) Quercus, (Oak) Polyphemus moths can be abundant in and near forests, also in parks and suburban areas, orchards, and wetlands. Polyphemus Moth Antheraea polyphemus (Cramer) (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Saturniidae: Saturniinae) 5 ... groups of two or three on leaves of the host plant (Opler et al. If purchasing larvae, they will need a food source when they arrive. A male Polyphemus. Antheraea polyphemus is one of North America’s largest moths with a wingspan of four to six inches. These caterpillars eat … Extreme dates: 8 June 2003 in Plainfield (B. Pfeiffer) and 28 July 2004 in … Antheraea polyphemus (Polyphemus moth) Antheraea polyphemus History: This is the only Tan North American Saturniidae with a wingspread of up to 6 inches. Geographic Range. The Io moth is a textbook example of “startle” coloration. The larvae (caterpillars) are also green. ("Polyphemus Moth", 2005; "Polyphemus Moth", 2005)Biogeographic Regions; nearctic. Similar species: 7767, 7769.. Distribution: Southern Canada to Mexico, except Great Basin and southwest. duced by the host plant. The polyphemus moth caterpillar (larval form) was also photographed at Winfield, Illinois in 2002. At rest, the adults are camouflaged, but when disturbed, they quickly draw the forewings apart, suddenly revealing the two bold eyespots, which can scare predators away, or at least startle them long enough for the moth to escape. Which host plant do you use? The moth is dramatic. Although the oval-shaped cocoons usually fall to the ground with the host plant leaves they are wrapped in, they can occasionally be found in the winter still attached to the host plant by a small amount of silk thread. Polyphemus moths inhabit deciduous hardwood forests, urban areas, … Occurs in a variety of habitats, but especially in forests and parklike areas. I’m wondering if I should leave it outside in the cage to mate again or bring it inside to hopefully just let it keep laying eggs. If no host plant is available, females deposit their eggs anywhere, in the hopes that the larvae may be able to crawl to food. You may purchase your host plant from Shady Oak Butterfly Farm or from a local plant nursery. If you want to see more of both butterflies and moths (Lepidoptera) in your yard, the addition of specific host plants is an empowering way to take an active role in supporting species diversity. The Polyphemus Moth also has a pair of transparent spots on the forewings. Females lay eggs on a wide variety of host plants – really an extensive list, as moth larvae go. The host plant serves as the foraging ground, which nourishes it to attain the size of about 4 inches. I would like to raise the caterpillars. The Polyphemus Moth overwinters as a pupa in a large, silken cocoon. (Amazon affiliate link) This book has 512 pages of butterfly and moth caterpillar photos and information. The cocoon is spun among the leaves of the deciduous host plants but is not anchored to a twig as is the case with many polyphemus moth cocoons. It is a tan-colored moth, with an average wingspan of 15 cm (6 in). Polyphemus moth is one of the largest moths, having a huge wingspan. Silkmoths use pheromones to locate each other when seeking mates. Adults are frequently attracted to lights at night. The cocoon falls to the ground when the host plant or tree drops its leaves in the fall. Silkmoths use pheromones to locate each other when seeking mates. 2012 ). It is a member of the Saturniidae family, which is known to be the greatest silk moths. Adults have vestigial mouthparts and do not feed. Males and females differ in hue, with males being of a darker coloration than the females. The eggs are very hard, and can take several weeks to hatch. Identification: Rfw 62.3 mm, ocellatus on each wing round and with a central ‘window;’ abdomen brown, without segmental white bands. The moth emerges in the spring and is large, with an average wingspan of 6 inches. View Bibliography The host plants of the Polyphemus moth are : Birch, Maple, Hickory, Beech, Oak, Walnut , Honey locust , Sassafras , American elm , Citrus trees , Pear and quince leaves. Here it makes another hole and bores down toward the roots.” ... Polyphemus moth we raised ©Janet Allen. Common name: Polyphemus moth. The life cycle of the moth is much like any other saturniidae species. The Polyphemus Moth has one brood in the north from May through July. We had a hatch of these guys at the ranch one night and several fluttered against the porch spotlights. It depicts eye spots, which is one of its primary identification features. Which host plant do you use? I used the silver birch ( Betula pendula) but i obteined a great loss and small adults. Cecropia Moth Hyalophora cecropia Experience the wonder of metamorphosis! The Luna moth (Actias luna) is a Nearctic moth in the family Saturniidae, subfamily Saturniinae, a group commonly known as giant silk moths.It has lime-green colored wings and a white body. I was thinking about some american trees like silver maple ( A.saccharinum), red oak ( Quercus rubra) and paper birch ( Betula papyrifera). The most notable feature of the moth is its large, purplish eyespots on its two hindwings.The eyespots give it its name – from the Greek myth of the cyclops Polyphemus. Before reaching the third instar, the larvae leave the upper part of the plant stem through a lateral hole and move down to the mature, wider stem. Oaks also support the Imperial moth (Eacles imperiali), the Polyphemus moth (Antheraea polyphemus) and the Rosy Maple moth (Dryocampa rubicunda) ... Chokecherry attracts widespread species of butterflies, both as a host plant for caterpillars and as a source of nectar for butterflies. The Sweetbay silkmoth is named for its host plant, one of our bay tree species. A host plant is a plant , which the moth's lay there eggs on, so that the larvae can feed on. Polyphemus_Moth_(Antheraea_polyphemus).By The High Fin Sperm Whale, Wikimedia Natural history information was obtained from, Caterpillars of Eastern North America by David L. Wagner . The Polyphemus moth caterpillar will eat from many host plants and trees. Here at Shady Oak we sell Willow and Cherry to … native; Habitat. Hyche, Associate Professor Department of Entomology & Plant Pathology Auburn University 4/2000 The polyphemus moth occurs throughout the United States, southern Canada, and south into Mexico. I found a female Polyphemus moth last night. I used the silver birch ( Betula pendula) but i obteined a great loss and small adults. However, this phenome-non could not be confirmed in a subsequent study (6). ... that it still had value as a host plant to one of Virginia’s spectacular moths — the clearwing moth. There are two or more generations per year of this species in the south and only one in the north. this morning it had laid eggs on a post of the cage. In captivity, they will lay their eggs on any substrate. Like the Luna Moth and Cecropia Moth, the Polyphemus Moth belongs to the Giant Silkworm Family or Saturniidae. Antheraea polyphemus, moth found in Norfolk. In your letter please include the species of host plant you have and your name, email and phone number so we can contact you when they are en route. HOST PLANTS: birch, willow, oak, … Male Polyphemus Moth (Antheraea polyphemus). Hi guys,i'm from italy and i had a bad experience to raise polyphemus silk moth. I was thinking about some american trees like silver maple ( A.saccharinum), red oak ( Quercus rubra) and paper birch ( Betula papyrifera). Several years ago, trans-2-hexenal, a vola-tile component of oak leaves, was implicated in the induction of sex pheromone produc-tion in the polyphemus moth, Antheraea polyphemus (4, 5). Polyphemus Moth Antheraea polyphemus (Cramer) (Saturniidae) L.L. Polyphemus Moth Hostplants. While not all moth are pollinators, they do have unique realtionships with native plants, and provide an important food source for birds as well. There are many more not listed here.Before ordering eggs make sure you have the proper host plant or tree. Adults are large (4 to 6 inch wingspan), with a background of shades of brown and marked with reddish and white and darker markings; polyphemus moth, Antheraea polyphemus (Cramer), caterpillars grow to 3 inches long, are smooth, light green with red, orange or yellow tubericles adorned by short hairs. The Polyphemus Moth, Antheraea polyphemus, sports prominent, owl-like eye spots and a six-inch wingspan. Hodges #: 7757.